How Saudi Arabia Became Islamic
How Saudi Arabia Became Islamic? This article explains How Saudi Arabia Became Islamic. In this article we are trying to provide you good information about the process How Saudi Arabia Became Islamic. We have arranged the information in this post to make you understand it easily. We hope that you can understand it well. Please check the information below.
How Saudi Arabia Became Islamic
Muhammad, the Islamic prophet, was born in Mecca in about 571. From the beginning of 7th century, Muhammad unify the distinguished tribes of the peninsula and made a single Islamic religious polity. After his death in 632, his followers quickly expanded the territory under Muslim rule outside Arabia, conquering huge area of territory.
Although Arabia soon turn into a politically peripheral region as the focus switched to the more developed conquered lands, Mecca and Medina stayed the spiritually most vital places in the Muslim world. The Qur’an needs every able-bodied Muslim who can afford it, as one of the five pillars of Islam, to perform a pilgrimage, or Hajj, to Mecca during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah at least once in his or her lifetime.
Since the 9th century, a number of Shia sects grew mostly in the eastern part of Arabia. These included the Qarmatians, a millenarian Ismaili sect led by Abū-Tāhir Al-Jannābī who attacked and sacked Mecca in 930.
In 1744, the desert region of Nejd, Muhammad bin Saud, originator of the Al Saud dynasty, joined forces with the religious leader Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, initiator of the Wahhabi movement, a strict form of Sunni Islam. This coalition formed in the 18th century provided the ideological motion to Saudi development and maintain the basis of Saudi Arabian dynastic rule today. The first “Saudi state” founded in 1744 in the area around Riyadh, quickly developed and briefly controlled most of the present-day territory of Saudi Arabia, but was conquered in 1818 by the Ottoman viceroy of Egypt, Mohammed Ali Pasha. In 1824, a much smaller second “Saudi state”, located mainly in Nejd, was established in 1824, but by 1891 its Al Saud rulers were forced into exile in Kuwait.
At the start of the 20th century, Abdulaziz Ibn Saud received the assistance of the Ikhwan, a tribal army inspired by Wahhabism and led by Sultan ibn Bijad and Faisal Al-Dawish, and which had grown rapidly after its foundation in 1912. With the help of the Ikhwan, Ibn Saud captured Hasa from the Ottoman Empire in 1913.
Ibn Saud conquered a rival ruling family and took the title Sultan of Nejd in 1921. By this time the Ottomans had been defeated in World War I, and Ottoman superiority and control in Arabia was no more. With the assistance of the Ikhwan, the Hejaz was conquered in 1924–25. After this victory however the Ikhwan fought with Ibn Saud. He went up against their raiding the British protectorates of Transjordan, Iraq and Kuwait, to expand of the Wahhabist realm, and they are in opposition to his policies of letting some modernization and some non-Muslim foreigners in the country. The Ikhwan were beaten and their leaders executed in 1930 after a two-year struggle. In 1932 the two kingdoms of the Hejaz and Nejd were united as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Islam keeps developing since then.
So basically, the religion of Islam came to the Arabian Peninsula first before Saudi Arabia is formed. If you ask about how Saudi Arabia Became Islamic, then then answer is as explained above.
That is all about How Saudi Arabia Became Islamic. We think that it is good information about How Saudi Arabia Became Islamic. We hope that this information is useful for you. Please share if you think that this information can be useful for others. If you need more article related, you can simply subscribe this blog. Thanks for visiting and have a nice browsing.