What Is Structural Engineering

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What is Structural Engineering? Structural engineering is kind of engineering knowledge that related to structural analysis and design. This structure is analyzed and designed to support specific load combinations. Structural Engineering is part of Civil Engineering.

Structural engineers are usually involved in the design of buildings and infrasctructures, but at some specific cases, they are involved also in the design of machinery, medical equipment, vehicles or other objects related to the structure engineering. Structural Engineers must ensure their designs in accordance with the design criteria, based on the security and performance of the buildings.

Structural engineering theory is based on the laws of physics and empirical knowledge about performance of structures.

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Some examples of structural engineers products are bridge, foundation, railway, building frame, tower, tunnel, etc.

Mainly, Structural Engineer’s job description :

  • analysing configurations of the basic structural components of a building or other structure;
  • calculating the pressures, stresses and strains that each component, such as a beam or lintel, will experience from other parts of the structure due to human use or environmental pressures such as weather or earthquakes;
  • considering the strength of various materials, e.g. timber, concrete, steel and brick, to see how their inclusion may necessitate a change of structural design;
  • liaising with other designers, including architects, to agree on safe designs and their fit with the aesthetic concept of the construction;
  • examining structures at risk of collapse and advising how to improve their structural integrity, such as recommending removal or repair of defective parts or rebuilding the entire structure;
  • making drawings, specifications and computer models of structures for building contractors;
  • working with geotechnical engineers to investigate ground conditions and analyse results of soil sample and in situ tests;
  • liaising with construction contractors to ensure that newly erected buildings are structurally sound;
  • applying expert knowledge of the forces that act on various structures;
  • using computers and computer-aided design (CAD) technology for simulation purposes.

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