What Saudi Arabia is Famous For | 5 Facts about Saudi Arabia
What Saudi Arabia is Famous For ? There are many famous things in Saudi Arabia. There are many interesting facts about Saudi Arabia culture and government. The life in Saudi Arabia itself is quite unique if we compare to other countries in the world. In this article, we will present you What Saudi Arabia is Famous For, facts about Saudi Arabia.
What Saudi Arabia is Famous For ?
Sharia Law in Saudi Arabia
Sharia Law in Saudi Arabia is really famous. Saudi Arabia is implementing Sharia Law in Saudi Arabia. This law is adapted from the teaching in Islam, the only religion that is allowed for the Saudi Arabia Citizen. The sources of Sharia law also include Islamic scholarly consensus developed after Muhammad’s death. Its interpretation by judges in Saudi Arabia is influenced by the medieval (Islamic Golden Age) texts of the literalist Hanbali school of Islamic jurisprudence. Uniquely in the Muslim world, Sharia has been adopted by Saudi Arabia in an uncodified form. This, and the lack of judicial precedent, has resulted in considerable uncertainty in the scope and content of the country’s laws. The government therefore announced its intention to codify Sharia in 2010, but this is yet to be implemented. Sharia has also been supplemented by regulations issued by royal decree covering modern issues such as intellectual property and corporate law. Nevertheless, Sharia remains the primary source of law, especially in areas such as criminal, family, commercial and contract law, and the Qur’an and the Sunnah are declared to be the country’s constitution. In the areas of land and energy law the extensive proprietorial rights of the Saudi state (in effect, the Saudi royal family) constitute a significant feature.
The current Saudi court system was created by King Abdul Aziz, who founded the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932, and was introduced to the country in stages between 1927 and 1960. It comprises general and summary Sharia courts, with some administrative tribunals to deal with disputes on specific modern regulations. Trials in Saudi Arabia are bench trials. Courts in Saudi Arabia observe few formalities and the country’s first criminal procedure code, issued in 2001, has been largely ignored. King Abdullah, in 2007, introduced a number of significant judicial reforms, although they are yet to be fully implemented.
Criminal law punishments in Saudi Arabia include public beheading, hanging, stoning, amputation and lashing. Serious criminal offences include not only internationally recognized crimes such as murder, rape, theft and robbery, but also apostasy, adultery, witchcraft and sorcery. In addition to the regular police force, Saudi Arabia has a secret police, the Mabahith, and “religious police”, the Mutawa. The latter enforces Islamic social and moral norms. Western-based human rights organizations, such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, have criticized the activities of both the Mabahith and the Mutawa, as well as a number of other aspects of human rights in Saudi Arabia. These include the number of executions, the range of offences which are subject to the death penalty, the lack of safeguards for the accused in the criminal justice system, the treatment of homosexuals, the use of torture, the lack of religious freedom, and the highly disadvantaged position of women. The Albert Shanker Institute and Freedom House have also reported that “Saudi Arabia’s practices diverge from the concept of the rule of law.”
Women in Saudi Arabia
Women in Saudi Arabia are one of the hottest topics discussed in the world. How women lives in Saudi Arabia is quite unique fact about Saudi Arabia which we cannot forget. Women’s rights in Saudi Arabia are limited in comparison to many of its neighbors. The World Economic Forum’s 2016 Global Gender Gap Report ranked Saudi Arabia 141 out of 144 countries for gender parity, down from 134 out of 145 in 2015. The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) elected Saudi Arabia on the U.N. Commission on the Status of Women for 2018–2022. Women in Saudi Arabia constitute 13% of the country’s native workforce as of 2015.
However, women’s status has changed in recent decades. Women were previously forbidden from voting or being elected to political office, but in 2011 King Abdullah let women vote in the 2015 local elections, as well as to be appointed to the Consultative Assembly. There are more female university graduates in Saudi Arabia than male, and female literacy is estimated to be 91%, which while still lower than male literacy is far higher than it was 40 years ago. The average age at first marriage among Saudi females is 25 years.
Many conservative Saudi women do not support loosening traditional gender roles and restrictions, on the grounds that Saudi Arabia is the closest thing to an “ideal and pure Islamic nation,” and under threat from “imported Western values”.
Among the factors that define rights for women in Saudi are government laws, the Hanbali and Wahhabi interpretation of Sunni Islam, and traditional customs of the Arabian Peninsula. In 2017, King Salman ordered that women be allowed access to government services such as education and healthcare without the need of consent of her guardian.
See Also : Saudi Arabia Women
Oil in Saudi Arabia
Oil in Saudi Arabia is really famous. It lifted Saudi Arabia wealth from zero to hero. The proven oil reserves in Saudi Arabia are the second largest in the world, estimated to be 268 billion barrels (43×109 m3) (Gbbl hereafter), including 2.5 Gbbl in the Saudi–Kuwaiti neutral zone. They are predominantly found in the Eastern Province. These reserves were the largest in the world until Venezuela announced they had increased their proven reserves to 297 Gbbl in January 2011. The Saudi reserves are about one-fifth of the world’s total conventional oil reserves, a large fraction of these reserves comes from a small number of very large oil fields, and past production amounts to 40% of the stated reserves.
In 2000, the US Geological Survey estimated that remaining undiscovered oil reserves in Saudi Arabia had a probability-weighted average of 90 Gbbl.
Hajj in Saudi Arabia
Hajj in Saudi Arabia is always the most interesting fact in Saudi Arabia which is wanted by all muslim in the world. Every muslim has to go to Saudi Arabia for performing Hajj at least once in his or her life time. The Hajj (/hædʒ/; Arabic: حَجّ Ḥaǧǧ “pilgrimage”) is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the most holy city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence. It is one of the five pillars of Islam, alongside Shahadah, Salat, Zakat, and Sawm. The Hajj is the largest annual gathering of people in the world. The state of being physically and financially capable of performing the Hajj is called istita’ah, and a Muslim who fulfills this condition is called a mustati. The Hajj is a demonstration of the solidarity of the Muslim people, and their submission to God (Allah). The word Hajj means “to intend a journey”, which connotes both the outward act of a journey and the inward act of intentions.
Sidewalk Skiing in Saudi Arabia
Last but not least, Sidewalk Skiing is quite popular in Saudi Arabia. It is done by the youngsters in Saudi Arabia. Sidewalk skiing is the name for tipping a car onto its side wheels on a public road, driving it on a tilt, and then climbing out and standing on top of the vehicle (though it’s all right if you leave someone in the car to drive). The activity appears to have gathered considerable popularity in Saudi Arabia.The most impressive version involves changing the tires of the two airborne wheels while in motion. There are videos of several groups doing this. You can check below.
By the way, Women are banned from driving, no matter how many wheels they keep on the ground.
So now you know about What Saudi Arabia is Famous For, the most interesting facts about Saudi Arabia. I personally love this country. If you are interested in more articles related to Saudi Arabia, you can simply subscribe. If you like this ‘What Saudi Arabia is Famous For‘ article, share it.